Endometriosis

Endometriosis can cause painful periods, persistent pain in the pelvic area, infertility, and other symptoms. The symptoms can range from mild to severe. Treatment options include painkillers, hormone treatments, and surgery.

Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus. It is 'trapped' in the pelvic area and lower abdomen, and rarely in other areas in the body. The exact cause is not known. Patches of endometriosis can vary in size from the size of a pinhead to large clumps. Many women with endometriosis have no symptoms. Some women may complain of painful periods, painful sex or difficulty in trying to conceive.

The main aims of treatment are to improve symptoms such as pain and heavy periods, and to improve fertility if this is affected.

There are various treatment options which are discussed in the information leaflet below.

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